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Android 自定義View實現多節點進度條功能

←手機掃碼閱讀     zmcjlove @ 2020-05-09 , reply:0

最近項目有一個節點進度條的小需求,完成後,想分享出來希望可以幫到有需要的同學。
真機效果圖
自定義View完整代碼
開箱即用~,註釋已經炒雞詳細了
/** * @description: 節點進度條 

* @author: DMingO 

* @date: 2020/4/15 */ 

public class PointProcessBar extends View { 

/** * 未選中時的連線畫筆 */ 

private Paint mLinePaint; /** * 選中時的連線畫筆 */ 

private Paint mLineSelectedPaint; /** * 未選中時的文字畫筆 */ 

private Paint mTextPaint; /** * 選中時的文字畫筆 */

 private Paint mTextSelPaint; /** * 未選中時的實心圓畫筆 */ 

private Paint mCirclePaint; /** * 選中時的內部實心圓畫筆 */ 

private Paint mCircleSelPaint; /** * 選中時的邊框圓畫筆 */ 

private Paint mCircleStrokeSelPaint; /** * 未選中時的線,節點圓的顏色 */ 

private int mColorUnselected = Color.parseColor("#1ca8b0d9"); 

/** * 選中時的顏色 */ private int mColorSelected = Color.parseColor("#61A4E4"); /** * 未選中的文字顏色 */ 

private int mColorTextUnselected = Color.parseColor("#5c030f09"); 

/** * 繪製的節點個數,由底部節點標題數量控制 */ 

int circleCount ; /** * 連線的高度 */ 

float mLineHeight = 7f; //圓的直徑 

float mCircleHeight = 50f; 

float mCircleSelStroke = 8f; 

float mCircleFillRadius = 15f; //文字大小 

float mTextSize = 35f; //文字離頂部的距離 

float mMarginTop = 40f; /** * 首個圓向中心偏移的距離 */ 

float marginLeft = 30f; /** * 最後一個圓向中心偏移的距離 */ float marginRight = marginLeft; /** * 每個節點相隔的距離 */ float divideWidth; int defaultHeight; /** * 節點底部的文字列表 */ List

textList = new ArrayList<>(); /** * 文字同寬高的矩形,用來測量文字 */ 

ListmBounds; /** * 存儲每個圓心在同一直線上的節點圓的 x 座標值 */ 

ListcircleLineJunctions = new ArrayList<>(); /** * 選中項集合 */ SetselectedIndexSet = new HashSet<>(); 

public PointProcessBar(Context context) { super(context); } 

public PointProcessBar(Context context, @Nullable AttributeSet attrs) { super(context, attrs); initPaint(); } 

public PointProcessBar(Context context, @Nullable AttributeSet attrs, int defStyleAttr) { super(context, attrs, defStyleAttr); } 

public PointProcessBar(Context context, @Nullable AttributeSet attrs, int defStyleAttr, int defStyleRes) { super(context, attrs, defStyleAttr, defStyleRes); } 

/** * 初始化畫筆屬性 */ 

private void initPaint(){ 

mLinePaint = new Paint(); 

mLineSelectedPaint = new Paint(); 

mCirclePaint = new Paint(); 

mTextPaint = new Paint(); 

mCircleStrokeSelPaint = new Paint(); 

mTextSelPaint=new Paint();

 mCircleSelPaint = new Paint(); 

mLinePaint.setColor(mColorDef); 

//設置填充 mLinePaint.setStyle(Paint.Style.FILL); //筆寬像素 mLinePaint.setStrokeWidth(mLineHeight); //鋸齒不顯示 mLinePaint.setAntiAlias(true); 

mLineSelectedPaint.setColor(mColorSelected); mLineSelectedPaint.setStyle(Paint.Style.FILL); mLineSelectedPaint.setStrokeWidth(mLineHeight); mLineSelectedPaint.setAntiAlias(true); 

mCirclePaint.setColor(mColorDef); //設置填充 mCirclePaint.setStyle(Paint.Style.FILL); 

//筆寬像素 

mCirclePaint.setStrokeWidth(1); //鋸齒不顯示

 mCirclePaint.setAntiAlias(true); 

//選中時外框空心圓圈畫筆 

mCircleStrokeSelPaint.setColor(mColorSelected); mCircleStrokeSelPaint.setStyle(Paint.Style.STROKE); mCircleStrokeSelPaint.setStrokeWidth(mCircleSelStroke); mCircleStrokeSelPaint.setAntiAlias(true); //選中時的內部填充圓畫筆 mCircleSelPaint.setStyle(Paint.Style.FILL); mCircleSelPaint.setStrokeWidth(1); mCircleSelPaint.setAntiAlias(true); mCircleSelPaint.setColor(mColorSelected); //普通狀態的文本 畫筆 

mTextPaint.setTextSize(mTextSize); mTextPaint.setColor(mColorTextDef); mTextPaint.setAntiAlias(true); 

mTextPaint.setTextAlign(Paint.Align.CENTER); //選中後的文本畫筆 mTextSelPaint.setTextSize(mTextSize);

 mTextSelPaint.setColor(mColorSelected); 

mTextSelPaint.setAntiAlias(true);

 mTextSelPaint.setTextAlign(Paint.Align.CENTER); } 

/** * 測量文字的長寬,將文字視為rect矩形 */ 

private void measureText(){ mBounds = new ArrayList<>(); for(String name : textList){ Rect mBound = new Rect(); mTextPaint.getTextBounds(name, 0, name.length(), mBound); mBounds.add(mBound); } } 

/** * 測量view的高度 */ 

private void measureHeight(){ if (mBounds!=null && mBounds.size()!=0) { defaultHeight = (int) (mCircleHeight + mMarginTop + mCircleSelStroke + mBounds.get(0).height()/2); } else { defaultHeight = (int) (mCircleHeight + mMarginTop+mCircleSelStroke); } } @Override protected void onMeasure(int widthMeasureSpec, int heightMeasureSpec) { int widthSpecMode = MeasureSpec.getMode(widthMeasureSpec); int widthSpecSize = MeasureSpec.getSize(widthMeasureSpec); int heightSpecMode = MeasureSpec.getMode(heightMeasureSpec); int heightSpecSize = MeasureSpec.getSize(heightMeasureSpec); //寬高都設置為wrap_content if(widthSpecMode == MeasureSpec.AT_MOST && heightSpecMode == MeasureSpec.AT_MOST){ 

//寬設置為wrap_content setMeasuredDimension(widthSpecSize,defaultHeight); }else if(widthSpecMode == MeasureSpec.AT_MOST){ setMeasuredDimension(widthSpecSize,heightSpecSize); }else if(heightSpecMode == MeasureSpec.AT_MOST){ //高設置為wrap_content setMeasuredDimension(widthSpecSize, defaultHeight); }else{ 

//寬高都設置為match_parent或具體的dp值 setMeasuredDimension(widthSpecSize, heightSpecSize); } } @Override protected void onDraw(Canvas canvas) { //若未設置節點標題或者選中項的列表,則取消繪製 if (textList == null || textList.isEmpty() || selectedIndexSet == null || selectedIndexSet.isEmpty() || mBounds == null || mBounds.isEmpty()) { return; }

 //畫灰色圓圈的個數 circleCount=textList.size(); 

//每個圓相隔的距離(重要),可以通過這個調節節點間距 divideWidth = (getWidth() - mCircleHeight ) / (circleCount - 1); 

//繪製文字和圓形 for (int i=0; i < circleCount ;i++){ float cx; float cy; float textX; if (i==0){

 //第一個節點,圓心需要向右偏移 

cx = mCircleHeight / 2 + i * divideWidth + marginLeft; cy = mCircleHeight / 2 + mCircleSelStroke; textX = cx; circleLineJunctions.add(cx + mCircleHeight / 2); }else if (i==textList.size()-1){ 

//最後一個節點,圓心需要向左偏移 cx = mCircleHeight / 2 + i * divideWidth - marginRight; cy = mCircleHeight / 2 + mCircleSelStroke; textX = cx; circleLineJunctions.add(cx - mCircleHeight / 2); }else { //中間部分的節點 cx = mCircleHeight / 2 + i * divideWidth; cy = mCircleHeight / 2+mCircleSelStroke; textX = cx; circleLineJunctions.add(cx - mCircleHeight / 2); circleLineJunctions.add(cx + mCircleHeight / 2); } if (getSelectedIndexSet().contains(i)){ 

//若當前位置節點被包含在選中項Set中,判定此節點被選中 canvas.drawCircle(cx , cy, mCircleHeight / 2, mCircleStrokeSelPaint); canvas.drawCircle(cx, cy, mCircleFillRadius, mCircleSelPaint); canvas.drawText(textList.get(i), textX, (float) (mCircleHeight + mMarginTop +mCircleSelStroke+mBounds.get(i).height()/2.0), mTextSelPaint); }else {

 //若當前位置節點沒有被包含在選中項Set中,判定此節點沒有被選中

 canvas.drawCircle(cx , cy, mCircleHeight / 2, mCirclePaint); 

canvas.drawText(textList.get(i), textX, (float) (mCircleHeight + mMarginTop +mCircleSelStroke+mBounds.get(i).height()/2.0), mTextPaint); } } for(int i = 1 , j = 1 ; j <= circleLineJunctions.size() && ! circleLineJunctions.isEmpty() ; ++i , j=j+2){ if(getSelectedIndexSet().contains(i)){ canvas.drawLine(circleLineJunctions.get(j-1),mCircleHeight/2+mCircleSelStroke, circleLineJunctions.get(j) ,mCircleHeight/2+mCircleSelStroke,mLineSelectedPaint); }else { canvas.drawLine(circleLineJunctions.get(j-1),mCircleHeight/2+mCircleSelStroke, circleLineJunctions.get(j) ,mCircleHeight/2+mCircleSelStroke,mLinePaint); } } } 

/** * 供外部調用,顯示控件

 * @param titles 底部標題內容列表 

* @param indexSet 選中項Set 

*/ 

public void show(Listtitles , SetindexSet){ if(titles != null && ! titles.isEmpty()){ this.textList = titles; } if(indexSet != null && ! indexSet.isEmpty()){ this.selectedIndexSet = indexSet; } measureText(); measureHeight(); //繪製 invalidate(); } 

/** * 更新底部節點標題內容 

* @param textList 節點標題內容列表 

*/ 

public void refreshTextList(ListtextList) { this.textList = textList; measureText(); measureHeight(); invalidate(); }

 /** * 獲取節點選中狀態 

* @return 節點選中狀態列表

 */ 

public SetgetSelectedIndexSet() { return selectedIndexSet; } 

/** * 更新選中項 

* @param set 選中項Set */

 public void refreshSelectedIndexSet(Setset) { this.selectedIndexSet = set; invalidate(); } }
注意點
控件的節點總個數是與傳入的節點底部標題列表中元素個數控制(相同)的,簡而言之就是傳入的標題列表中有多少個標題,節點就會繪製多少個
控件通過show方法進行View的初始化和顯示內容,傳入節點標題列表和節點選中項集合,控制View的選中狀態和顯示的內容
控件初始化顯示後,可以通過refreshTextList(),refreshSelectedIndexSet() 更新標題和選中項
具體不同的顏色,大小可以具體在View中調整
總結
可以看到效果不復雜,因此自定義View的代碼行數不多,也很容易看懂,直接拿走代碼即可在項目中食用啦。
由於不同項目設計稿會有不同,這裡也僅僅給有需要的同學一個思路,可以改造具體實現代碼~

注意點
控件的節點總個數是與傳入的節點底部標題列表中元素個數控制(相同)的,簡而言之就是傳入的標題列表中有多少個標題,節點就會繪製多少個
控件通過show方法進行View的初始化和顯示內容,傳入節點標題列表和節點選中項集合,控制View的選中狀態和顯示的內容
控件初始化顯示後,可以通過refreshTextList(),refreshSelectedIndexSet() 更新標題和選中項
具體不同的顏色,大小可以具體在View中調整
總結
可以看到效果不復雜,因此自定義View的代碼行數不多,也很容易看懂,直接拿走代碼即可在項目中食用啦。
由於不同項目設計稿會有不同,這裡也僅僅給有需要的同學一個思路,可以改造具體實現代碼~


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