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學習Linux命令的最佳帖子

←手機掃碼閱讀     火星人 @ 2014-03-23 , reply:0

因為這篇文章很有價值,掌握后確實可以從linux的初學者變成linux好手,掌握了它就等於完全入了linux的門,不愧是本年度學習linux命令的最佳帖子。所以請版本最好把它鎖定一個靠前的位置,以便讓更多的人可以看到這篇文章,讓更多的人從初學者變成好手。如果本篇沒有被鎖定,如果對你有用的話,請簽收它,以便讓它一直可以被大家看到。

如下是linux最常用的命令及用途,當全部掌握以後,就沒人敢說你不會linux。版權所有其實指的是版板歸大家所有,你可以用自己的名字發表,也可以借我的大名宣傳一下,as you like.

大家共享資源,共同進步,中國的軟體事業才能有希望!如果這篇文章加快了你成為linux高手的腳步,促使你創建一間linux公司,奮鬥后戰勝了redhat, 最終擊敗了微軟,那時你再...


basic command
ls:
ls
ls ?a 「顯示隱藏文件」
ls ?l 「顯示文件屬性,包括大小,日期,符號連接,是否可讀寫及是否可執行」
ls --color=never *.so > obj 「不顯示文字顏色,將所有so文件記錄到obj文件中」
cd:
cd
cd / cd ../ 「到上一級目錄」
cd ../.. 「到上二級目錄」
cd ~ 「goto user directory」
rm:
rm
rm -fr directory 「delete the directory without ask」
cp:
cp source target
cp ?av soure_dir target_dir 「將整個目錄複製,兩目錄完全一樣」
cp ?fr source_dir target_dir 「將整個目錄複製,並且是以非鏈接方式複製,當so
urce目錄帶有符號鏈接時,兩個目錄不相同」
mv:
mv source target


diff:
diff dir1 dir2 「compare dir1 and dir2, if files in dir1 but not in dir2, it
will be list」
diff file1 file2 「compare file1 and file2,if any difference, he will tell y
ou」
comm:
comm file1 file2 「compare file and file2, if any difference, the difference
will be list」
echo:
echo message 「display some characters in the console」
cat:
cat file 「display the file』s content in the console」
export:
export LC_ALL= 「define variable LC_ALL is NULL」
export DISPLAY=0:0 「define variable DISPLAY is 0:0」
date:
date 「list the time」
find:
find -name path file 「find file in the path」
grep:
grep -ir 「chars」 path 「find chars in the path」
vi:


vi file 「file edit tools 「
lynx:
lynx "text base browser"
man:
man command "help command"
startx:
startx 「run GUI system」
reboot:
reboot 「reboot computer」
halt:
halt 「shutdown computer」
init:
init 0 "shut down all service"
init 1 "restart all service"
init 6 "reboot script"
advance command
tar:
tar xfzv file.tgz 「uncompress file.tgz in the current directory」
tar xfzv file.tgz -C target_path 「uncompress file.tgz in the appoint direct
ory」
tar cfzv file.tgz source_path 「compress appoint file to appoint tar ball」
gzip:


gzip -d source target " compress file"
unzip:
unzip source "un compress file"
dmesg:
dmesg "show kernel booting information"
uname:
uname -R " show kernel version"
more:
ls | more " 分頁顯示 information"
strings:
strings file "list file chars"
less:
less 「list file chars,分頁顯示」
rpm:
rpm -i program.rpm "install program"
rpm2targz:
rpm2targz program.rpm program.tgz " reforamt rmp to tar ball"
su:
su root " su user to root"
suloin:
sulogin /dev/tty4 "waiting login in tty4"
chmod:


chmod a+x file " let file can be excute"
chmod 666 file " let file can be write "
mknod:
mknod /dev/hda1 b 3 1 " make a block device "
mknod /dev/tty1 c 4 1 " make a chare device "
touch:
touch /tmp/running " touch a file "
sleep:
sleep 9 " console sleep 9 seconds"
lpd:
lpd stop
lpd start
lpd restart "restart printer service"
lpr:
lpr file.txt "print a file ot printer"
zhprint:
zhpinrt -gb file.txt "print a chinese file to printer"
disk command
fdisk
fdisk /dev/hda "creat or delete disk partition"
cfdisk
cfdisk /dev/hda "creat or delete disk partition"


mount:
mount -t ext2 /dev/hda1 /mnt 「把/dev/hda1裝載到 /mnt目錄」
mount -t iso9660 /dev/cdrom /mnt
mount-t smb //192.168.1.5/sharedir /mnt -o username=id,password=id
mount -t nfs 192.168.1.1:/sharedir /mnt
umount:
umount /mnt 「umount /mnt directory」
umount /dev/hda1 「umount device /dev/hda1」
sync:
sync "write all cache into disk"
e2fsck:
e2fsck /dev/hda1 "check disk"
e2fsck -p "check and automatic repair disk"
e2fsck -y "check and Assume "yes" to all questions"
e2fsck -c "Check disk bad blocks"
mkfs:
mkfs /dev/hda1 "format pratitionk"
mkswap:
mfks /dev/hda9 "format a swap partition"
swapon:
swapon /dev/hda9 "use a swap partition"
swapoff:


swapoff /dev/hda9 " close a swap partion"
lilo:
lilo "/etc/lilo.config is needed"
lilo -C lilo.conf
"configure disk boot loader"
rdev:
rdev bzImage "show root file system"
rdev bzImage /dev/hda1 "define /dev/hda1 as root file system"
df:
df "show mounted partition use information"
dd:
dd if=root.ram of=/dev/ram0
dd if=/dev/fd0 of=root.ram
dd if=/dev/zero of=root.ram bs=1024,count=1024
who:
who "show logined user"
whoami:
whoami "show who am I"
whereis:
whereis command "show where is the command"
programer command
gcc:


gcc hello.c 「compile hello.c,default is a dynamic program」
gcc hello.c -o hello 「compile hello.c and out put file as hello」
gcc -static -o hello hello.c 「compile a static program」
strace:
strace netscape "trace and list all open/write file by netscape program"
ps:
ps
ps ?ef "show running program pid"
kill:
kill -9 500 "kill PID 500"
killall:
killall -9 netscape "kill program netscape"
top:
top "show system cpu and memory use information"
free:
free "show free memory"
time:
time program "calculate program run time"
configure command
ifconfig:
ifconfig eth0 192.168.1.1 「define first Ethernet』s IP is 192.168.1.1」
ifconfig down eth1 「disable seconde Ethernet」


hostname:
hostname -F id.com 「define hostname is id.com」
route:
route del default 「delete default router」
route add default gw 192.168.1.1 metric 1 「add 192.168.1.1 as a default rou
te」
adduser:
adduser id "add a new user"
userdel:
userdel id "delete user id"
userlist:
userlist "list logined user"
passwd:
passwd id "change id's login password"
passwd -d id "delete id's login password"
chown:
chown id /work "let the /work to be id's directory"
probe:
probe rtl8139 "veriry driver"
lsmod:
lsmod "list already install driver"
insmod:


insmod rtl8139.o "install a driver"
insmod sb.o io=0x280 irq=7 dma=3 dma16=7 mpu_io=330
rmmod:
rmmod rtl8139 "delete a driver from system"
gpm:
gpm -k "kill mouse"
gpm -t ps2 "run ps2 mouse"
Xconfigure:
Xconfigure "configure X-windows option"
turboservice:
turboservier "configure turbo linux servier"
turboftp:
turboftp "configure turbo linux ftp server"
turbotelnet:
turbotelnet "configure turbo linux telnet server"
turbonetcfg:
turbonetcfg "configure network options"
turboppp:
turboppp "configure ppp dialog options"
turboappchecfg:
turboappchecfg "configure turbo linux appche server"
network command


telnet 192.168.1.1
telnet iserver.com
ftp:
ftp 192.168.1.1
ftp iserver.com
dhcp:
dhcp "run dhcp server"
ping:
ping 163.com
ping 202.96.128.68 "check network"

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