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Linux下Apache日誌分析工具--AWStats安裝使用

←手機掃碼閱讀     火星人 @ 2014-03-29 , reply:0

文章作者:張宴

1、事先安裝好Apache

2、安裝awstats的命令(將awstats安裝在/opt/awstats目錄)
mkdir -p /var/lib/awstats
cd /opt
wget http://www.awstats.cn/files/awstats-6.6.tar.gz
tar zxvf awstats-6.6.tar.gz
mv awstats-6.6 awstats
cd awstats/tools/
perl awstats_configure.pl

3、Perl腳本awstats_configure.pl安裝過程(以下內容引用AWStats英文使用說明)

(1)
-----> Running OS detected: Linux, BSD or Unix
Warning: AWStats standard directory on Linux OS is '/usr/local/awstats'.
If you want to use standard directory, you should first move all content
of AWStats distribution from current directory:
/opt/awstats
to standard directory:
/usr/local/awstats
And then, run configure.pl from this location.
Do you want to continue setup from this NON standard directory [yN] ?

這時選擇y回車。

(2)
-----> Check for web server install

Enter full config file path of your Web server.
Example: /etc/httpd/httpd.conf
Example: /usr/local/apache2/conf/httpd.conf
Example: c:\Program files\apache group\apache\conf\httpd.conf
Config file path ('none' to skip web server setup):

第一次使用請輸入Apache的httpd.conf路徑,例如/opt/sina/apache/conf/httpd.conf
以後如果再使用perl awstats_configure.pl生成配置文件,則可以輸入none跳過。

(3)
-----> Check and complete web server config file '/opt/sina/apache/conf/httpd.conf'
Warning: You Apache config file contains directives to write 'common' log files
This means that some features can't work (os, browsers and keywords detection).
Do you want me to setup Apache to write 'combined' log files [y/N] ?

選擇y,將日誌記錄方式由CustomLog /yourlogpath/yourlogfile common改為更詳細的CustomLog /yourlogpath/yourlogfile combined

(4)
-----> Update model config file '/opt/awstats/wwwroot/cgi-bin/awstats.model.conf'
File awstats.model.conf updated.

-----> Need to create a new config file ?
Do you want me to build a new AWStats config/profile
file (required if first install) [y/N] ?

創建一個新的配置文件,選擇y

(5)
-----> Define config file name to create
What is the name of your web site or profile analysis ?
Example: www.mysite.com
Example: demo
Your web site, virtual server or profile name:
>

輸入站點名稱,例如sina

(6)
-----> Define config file path
In which directory do you plan to store your config file(s) ?
Default: /etc/awstats
Directory path to store config file(s) (Enter for default):
>

輸入AWStats配置文件存放路徑,一般直接回車則使用默認路徑/etc/awstats

(7)
-----> Add update process inside a scheduler
Sorry, configure.pl does not support automatic add to cron yet.
You can do it manually by adding the following command to your cron:
/opt/awstats/wwwroot/cgi-bin/awstats.pl -update -config=sina
Or if you have several config files and prefer having only one command:
/opt/awstats/tools/awstats_updateall.pl now
Press ENTER to continue...

按回車鍵繼續

(8)
A SIMPLE config file has been created: /opt/awstats/etc/awstats.sina.conf
You should have a look inside to check and change manually main parameters.
You can then manually update your statistics for 'sina' with command:
> perl awstats.pl -update -config=sina
You can also read your statistics for 'sina' with URL:
> http://localhost/awstats/awstats.pl?config=sina

Press ENTER to finish...

按回車鍵結束

4、修改awstats.sina.conf配置
vi /etc/awstats/awstats.sina.conf

按?,在之後輸入要搜索的內容LogFile="
然後按Ins鍵,找到LogFile="/var/log/httpd/access_log"
改為要分析的Apache日誌路徑與文件名。

(1)多日誌合併分析(例:新浪播客其中兩台伺服器2月6日的日誌30.0206.vblog.log與31.0206.vblog.log)
LogFile="/opt/awstats/tools/logresolvemerge.pl /var/apachelogs/30.0206.vblog.log /var/apachelogs/31.0206.vblog.log|"

LogFile="/opt/awstats/tools/logresolvemerge.pl /var/apachelogs/*.0206.vblog.log|"

(2)分析使用gzip壓縮過的日誌文件
LogFile="gzip -d
5、更新分析報告
perl /opt/awstats/wwwroot/cgi-bin/awstats.pl -config=sina -update

如果出現以下錯誤提示,很大可能是Apache的Log文件中存在以前CustomLog /yourlogpath/yourlogfile common生成的日誌,刪除掉這些行的日誌即可:
This means each line in your web server log file need to have "combined log format" like this:
111.22.33.44 - - [10/Jan/2001:02:14:14 +0200] "GET / HTTP/1.1" 200 1234 "http://www.fromserver.com/from.htm" "Mozilla/4.0 (compatible; MSIE 5.01; Windows NT 5.0)"

6、查看分析報告
http://localhost/awstats/awstats.pl?config=sina

這裡的sina對應/etc/awstats/awstats.sina.conf中的sina

附:
(1)參考資料:AWStats logfile analyzer 6.6 Documentation -- AWStats Installation, Configuration and Reporting (http://www.awstats.cn/docs/awstats_setup.html)

(2)測試環境:在DELL PowerEdge 2950 伺服器+CentOS 4.4 Linux操作系統+Apache 2.0.59下測試通過。

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