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Redhat Linux RHEL5配置CentOS YUM更新源

←手機掃碼閱讀     火星人 @ 2014-03-09 , reply:0
YUM是Redhat Linux在線安裝更新及軟體的工具,但是這是RHEL5的收費功能,如果沒有購買Redhat的服務時不能使用RHEL5的更新源的,會提示註冊. 由於CentOS是從Redhat演化而來的免費Linux版本,因此可以利用CentOS的yum更新源來實現RHEL5的YUM功能.配置方法如下: 檢查yum是否安裝,默認情況下都是安裝好的,總共4各包.
[[email protected] ~]# rpm -qa |grep yum
yum-metadata-parser-1.0-8.fc6
yum-3.0.1-5.el5
yum-rhn-plugin-0.4.3-1.el5
yum-updatesd-3.0.1-5.el5
配置yum更新源 創建/etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo文件,定義yum更新源,這裡使用的是上海交大的CentOS更新源
[[email protected] ~]# vi /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo [base]
name=CentOS-5-Base
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=$releasever5&arch=$basearch&repo=os
#baseurl=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/$releasever/os/$basearch/
baseurl=http://ftp.sjtu.edu.cn/centos/5/os/$basearch/
gpgcheck=0
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-centos5
#released updates
[update]
name=CentOS-5-Updates
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=4&arch=$basearch&repo=updates
baseurl=http://ftp.sjtu.edu.cn/centos/5/updates/$basearch/
gpgcheck=0
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-centos5
#packages used/produced in the build but not released
[addons]
name=CentOS-5-Addons
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=4&arch=$basearch&repo=addons
baseurl=http://ftp.sjtu.edu.cn/centos/5/addons/$basearch/
gpgcheck=0
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-centos5
#additional packages that may be useful
[extras]
name=CentOS-5-Extras
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=4&arch=$basearch&repo=extras


baseurl=http://ftp.sjtu.edu.cn/centos/5/extras/$basearch/
gpgcheck=0
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-centos5
#additional packages that extend functionality of existing packages
[centosplus]
name=CentOS-5-Plus
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=4&arch=$basearch&repo=centosplus
baseurl=http://ftp.sjtu.edu.cn/centos/5/centosplus/$basearch/
gpgcheck=0
enabled=0
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-centos5
#contrib - packages by Centos Users
[contrib]
name=CentOS-5-Contrib
#mirrorlist=http://mirrorlist.centos.org/?release=4&arch=$basearch&repo=contrib
baseurl=http://ftp.sjtu.edu.cn/centos/5/contrib/$basearch/
gpgcheck=0
enabled=0
gpgkey=http://mirror.centos.org/centos/RPM-GPG-KEY-centos5
# vi dag.repo
[dag]
name=Dag RPM Repository for RHEL5
baseurl=http://ftp.riken.jp/Linux/dag/redhat/el5/en/$basearch/dag/
enabled=1
gpgcheck=0
gpgkey=http://ftp.riken.jp/Linux/dag/packages/RPM-GPG-KEY.dag.txt
導入key [[email protected] ~]# rpm --import http://ftp.sjtu.edu.cn/centos/5/os/i386/RPM-GPG-KEY-CentOS-5 運行YUM,測試
[[email protected] ~]# yum install xmms-mp3
Loading "installonlyn" plugin
Loading "rhnplugin" plugin
This system is not registered with RHN.
RHN support will be disabled.
Setting up Install Process
Setting up repositories
Reading repository metadata in from local files
Parsing package install arguments
Resolving Dependencies
--> Populating transaction set with selected packages. Please wait.
---> Package xmms-mp3.i386 1:1.2.10-16.el5.rf set to be updated
--> Running transaction check
--> Processing Dependency: libglib-1.2.so.0 for package: xmms-mp3


--> Processing Dependency: libgdk-1.2.so.0 for package: xmms-mp3
--> Processing Dependency: libgthread-1.2.so.0 for package: xmms-mp3
--> Processing Dependency: libgmodule-1.2.so.0 for package: xmms-mp3
--> Processing Dependency: libgtk-1.2.so.0 for package: xmms-mp3
--> Processing Dependency: libxmms.so.1 for package: xmms-mp3
--> Restarting Dependency Resolution with new changes.
--> Populating transaction set with selected packages. Please wait.
---> Package xmms.i386 1:1.2.10-14.el5.rf set to be updated
---> Package glib.i386 1:1.2.10-20.el5 set to be updated
---> Downloading header for gtk to pack into transaction set.
gtk -1.2.10-56.el5.i386.r 100% |=========================| 25 kB 00:00
---> Package gtk .i386 1:1.2.10-56.el5 set to be updated
--> Running transaction check
--> Processing Dependency: libmikmod.so.2 for package: xmms
--> Processing Dependency: gdk-pixbuf >= 0.18.0 for package: gtk
--> Restarting Dependency Resolution with new changes.
--> Populating transaction set with selected packages. Please wait.
---> Downloading header for gdk-pixbuf to pack into transaction set.
gdk-pixbuf-0.22.0-25.el5. 100% |=========================| 16 kB 00:00
---> Package gdk-pixbuf.i386 1:0.22.0-25.el5 set to be updated
---> Downloading header for mikmod to pack into transaction set.
mikmod-3.1.6-38.1.i386.rp 100% |=========================| 7.7 kB 00:00
---> Package mikmod.i386 0:3.1.6-38.1 set to be updated
--> Running transaction check Dependencies Resolved =============================================================================
Package Arch Version Repository Size
=============================================================================


Installing:
xmms-mp3 i386 1:1.2.10-16.el5.rf dag 179 k
Installing for dependencies:
gdk-pixbuf i386 1:0.22.0-25.el5 base 231 k
glib i386 1:1.2.10-20.el5 base 137 k
gtk i386 1:1.2.10-56.el5 base 923 k
mikmod i386 3.1.6-38.1 base 201 k
xmms i386 1:1.2.10-14.el5.rf dag 2.3 M Transaction Summary
=============================================================================
Install 6 Package(s)
Update 0 Package(s)
Remove 0 Package(s) Total download size: 3.9 M
Is this ok [y/N]:
大功告成

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