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VSCode自定義配色方案的實現

←手機掃碼閱讀     wooen @ 2020-05-07 , reply:0

說明
本文更新於2019-02-18,使用VSCode 1.14.1,操作系統為Windows。
配置文件
“文件-首選項-顏色主題”即可顯示所有可用的顏色主題,上下選擇後Enter即可。也可通過Ctrl+Shift+P輸入 color theme 回車後調出“首選項:顏色主題”面板。
記VSCode的安裝目錄為 $RELEASE ,默認的顏色主題配置文件都位於 $RELEASE/resources/app/extensions 目錄中。以 theme- 開頭的目錄即為顏色主題配置(事實上,其中有些是文件圖標主題)。除若干主題會共用一個目錄外( theme-defaults ),大多數主題都是一個主題一個目錄。
每個顏色主題配置目錄包含以下文件: themes 目錄、 OSSREADME.json 、 package.json 。 themes 目錄下通常使用 .json 設置具體的配色方案; OSSREADME.json 描述版權等相關信息,可以忽略; package.json 令VSCode讀取後能區分不同的配色方案。
下面新增一個灰色調顏色主題。在 $RELEASE/resources/app/extensions 目錄下新增如下目錄結構。如果你不關心配置文件相關參數的解釋,可無需細讀後面內容,只需將相應的配置文本複製至配置文件中即可,但需注意文件均為UTF-8編碼。
$RELEASE/resources/app/extensions/ \_ theme-gv-gray/ \_ themes/ | \_ gv-gray-color-theme.json |_ package.json
預覽圖
package.json
package.json文件內容如下:
{ "name": "theme-gv-gray", "version": "0.1.0", "publisher": "GV", "engines": { "vscode": "*" }, "contributes": { "themes": [ { "label": "gv-gray", "uiTheme": "vs", "path": "./themes/gv-gray-color-theme.json" } ] } }
參數名 作用 name 主題ID,必需在VSCode中全局唯一,即所有主題的package.json中該值均不能重複 contributes -> themes -> label 主題名,“文件-首選項-顏色主題”的列表中顯示該值 contributes -> themes -> uiTheme VSCode整體的UI主題,vs為淺色主題 contributes -> themes -> path 定義配色方案的文件名,如為相對路徑則相對於此文件
因配置文件內容太長放至文末,以下說明對照配置文件內容閱讀更易理解。
VSCode使用其以下兩個節點:
參數名 作用 colors VSCode各個UI組件的顏色 tokenColors 語法高亮顏色
colors節點的內容直接通過鍵值對參數描述,以下列舉幾個參數的作用:
圖示 參數名 作用 2 activityBar.background 活動欄背景色 1 activityBar.foreground 活動欄前景色(例如用於圖標) 12 editor.background 編輯器背景顏色 13 editor.foreground 編輯器默認前景色 editor.findMatchBackground 當前搜索匹配項的顏色 editor.findMatchHighlightBackground 其他搜索匹配項的顏色 15 editor.lineHighlightBackground 光標所在行高亮文本的背景顏色 editor.selectionBackground 編輯器所選內容的顏色 editor.selectionHighlightBackground 與所選內容具有相同內容的區域顏色 editor.rangeHighlightBackground 突出顯示範圍的背景顏色,例如 "Quick Open" 和“查找”功能 16 editorBracketMatch.background 匹配括號的背景色 14 editorCursor.foreground 編輯器光標顏色 11 editorGutter.background 編輯器導航線的背景色,導航線包括邊緣符號和行號 10 editorLineNumber.foreground 編輯器行號顏色 5 sideBar.background 側邊欄背景色 4 sideBar.foreground 側邊欄前景色 3 sideBarSectionHeader.background 側邊欄節標題的背景顏色 17 statusBar.background 標準狀態欄背景色 17 statusBar.noFolderBackground 沒有打開文件夾時狀態欄的背景色 17 statusBar.debuggingBackground 調試程序時狀態欄的背景色 9 tab.activeBackground 活動選項卡的背景色 8 tab.activeForeground 活動組中活動選項卡的前景色 7 tab.inactiveBackground 非活動選項卡的背景色 6 tab.inactiveForeground 活動組中非活動選項卡的前景色
tokenColors
tokenColors使用一個對象數組描述各語法高亮顏色。每個對象有如下結構:
{ "name": "Comment", "scope": [ "comment", "punctuation.definition.comment" ], "settings": { "background": "#ffffff", "fontStyle": "italic", "foreground": "#000000" } }
參數名 作用 name 規則描述,一段容易理解的描述性文字 scope 作用域,指定使用那些VSCode內部對象,其含義參看Scope Naming setting -> background 背景色,可選 setting -> fontStyle 字體,可選,為bold、italic、underline setting -> foreground 前景色,可選
以下列舉文末的配置文件中幾個name所指定的參數的作用:
參數名 作用 Character 字符 Class 類名 Comment 註釋 Function 函數名 Keyword 關鍵字 Number 數值 Operator 運算符 Parameter 函數參數 Punctuation 標點符號 String 字符串 Type 內置類型 Variable 變量名
文件內容
{ "name": "gv-gray", "colors": { "activityBar.background": "#e0e0e0", "activityBar.foreground": "#000000", "editor.background": "#c8c8c8", "editor.foreground": "#000000", "editor.findMatchBackground": "#ffff00", "editor.findMatchHighlightBackground": "#ffff00", "editor.lineHighlightBackground": "#c0c0c0", "editor.selectionBackground": "#b0b0b0", "editor.selectionHighlightBackground": "#dfdfdf", "editor.rangeHighlightBackground": "#b0b0b0", "editorBracketMatch.background": "#b0b0b0", "editorCursor.foreground": "#333333", "editorGutter.background": "#d3d3d3", "editorLineNumber.foreground": "#777777", "sideBar.background": "#f5f5f5", "sideBar.foreground": "#000000", "sideBarSectionHeader.background": "#e0e0e0", "statusBar.background": "#444444", "statusBar.noFolderBackground": "#444444", "statusBar.debuggingBackground": "#444444", "tab.activeBackground": "#afafaf", "tab.activeForeground": "#000000", "tab.inactiveBackground": "#e0e0e0", "tab.inactiveForeground": "#000000", // Other colors. "activityBarBadge.background": "#705697", "button.background": "#705697", "dropdown.background": "#F5F5F5", "editorGroup.dropBackground": "#C9D0D988", "editorWhitespace.foreground": "#AAAAAA", "focusBorder": "#A6B39B", "inputOption.activeBorder": "#adafb7", "inputValidation.infoBorder": "#4ec1e5", "inputValidation.infoBackground": "#f2fcff", "inputValidation.warningBackground": "#fffee2", "inputValidation.warningBorder": "#ffe055", "inputValidation.errorBackground": "#ffeaea", "inputValidation.errorBorder": "#f1897f", "list.activeSelectionForeground": "#6c6c6c", "list.focusBackground": "#CADEB9", "list.activeSelectionBackground": "#c4d9b1", "list.inactiveSelectionBackground": "#d3dbcd", "list.highlightForeground": "#9769dc", "notification.background": "#442e66", "panel.background": "#F5F5F5", "peekViewEditor.matchHighlightBackground": "#C2DFE3", "peekViewTitle.background": "#F2F8FC", "peekViewEditor.background": "#F2F8FC", "peekViewResult.background": "#F2F8FC", "peekView.border": "#705697", "peekViewResult.matchHighlightBackground": "#93C6D6", "pickerGroup.foreground": "#A6B39B", "pickerGroup.border": "#749351" }, "tokenColors": [ { "settings": { "background": "#ffffff", "foreground": "#000000" } }, { "name": "Character", "scope": [ "constant", "constant.character" ], "settings": { "foreground": "#008000" } }, { "name": "Class", "scope": [ "entity.name.type", "entity.other.inherited-class", "support.class" ], "settings": { "foreground": "#000080" } }, { "name": "Comment", "scope": [ "comment", "punctuation.definition.comment" ], "settings": { "fontStyle": "italic", "foreground": "#0066ff" } }, { "name": "Function", "scope": [ "entity.name.function", "support.function" ], "settings": { "foreground": "#000000" } }, { "name": "Keyword", "scope": [ "keyword", "storage" ], "settings": { "fontStyle": "bold", "foreground": "#000080" } }, { "name": "Number", "scope": [ "constant.numeric" ], "settings": { "foreground": "#0044bb" } }, { "name": "Operator", "scope": "keyword.operator", "settings": { "foreground": "#000000" } }, { "name": "Parameter", "scope": "variable.parameter", "settings": { "fontStyle": "underline" } }, { "name": "Punctuation", "scope": "punctuation", "settings": { "foreground": "#000000" } }, { "name": "String", "scope": "string", "settings": { "foreground": "#008000" } }, { "name": "Type", "scope": [ "storage.type", "support.type" ], "settings": { "fontStyle": "", "foreground": "#000080" } }, { "name": "Variable", "scope": [ "support.variable", "variable" ], "settings": { "foreground": "#000000" } }, // Other token colors. { "name": "Comments: Preprocessor", "scope": "comment.block.preprocessor", "settings": { "fontStyle": "", "foreground": "#AAAAAA" } }, { "name": "Comments: Documentation", "scope": [ "comment.documentation", "comment.block.documentation" ], "settings": { "foreground": "#448C27" } }, { "name": "Invalid - Deprecated", "scope": "invalid.deprecated", "settings": { "background": "#96000014" } }, { "name": "Invalid - Illegal", "scope": "invalid.illegal", "settings": { "background": "#96000014", "foreground": "#660000" } }, { "name": "Language Constants", "scope": [ "constant.language", "support.constant", "variable.language" ], "settings": { "foreground": "#AB6526" } }, { "name": "Exceptions", "scope": "entity.name.exception", "settings": { "foreground": "#660000" } }, { "name": "Sections", "scope": "entity.name.section", "settings": { "fontStyle": "bold" } }, { "name": "Strings: Escape Sequences", "scope": "constant.character.escape", "settings": { "foreground": "#777777" } }, { "name": "Strings: Regular Expressions", "scope": "string.regexp", "settings": { "foreground": "#4B83CD" } }, { "name": "Strings: Symbols", "scope": "constant.other.symbol", "settings": { "foreground": "#AB6526" } }, { "name": "Embedded Source", "scope": [ "string source", "text source" ], "settings": { "background": "#EAEBE6" } }, { "name": "HTML: Doctype Declaration", "scope": [ "meta.tag.sgml.doctype", "meta.tag.sgml.doctype string", "meta.tag.sgml.doctype entity.name.tag", "meta.tag.sgml punctuation.definition.tag.html" ], "settings": { "foreground": "#AAAAAA" } }, { "name": "HTML: Tags", "scope": [ "meta.tag", "punctuation.definition.tag.html", "punctuation.definition.tag.begin.html", "punctuation.definition.tag.end.html" ], "settings": { "foreground": "#91B3E0" } }, { "name": "HTML: Tag Names", "scope": "entity.name.tag", "settings": { "foreground": "#4B83CD" } }, { "name": "HTML: Attribute Names", "scope": [ "meta.tag entity.other.attribute-name", "entity.other.attribute-name.html" ], "settings": { "fontStyle": "italic", "foreground": "#91B3E0" } }, { "name": "HTML: Entities", "scope": [ "constant.character.entity", "punctuation.definition.entity" ], "settings": { "foreground": "#AB6526" } }, { "name": "CSS: Selectors", "scope": [ "meta.selector", "meta.selector entity", "meta.selector entity punctuation", "entity.name.tag.css" ], "settings": { "foreground": "#7A3E9D" } }, { "name": "CSS: Property Names", "scope": [ "meta.property-name", "support.type.property-name" ], "settings": { "foreground": "#AB6526" } }, { "name": "CSS: Property Values", "scope": [ "meta.property-value", "meta.property-value constant.other", "support.constant.property-value" ], "settings": { "foreground": "#448C27" } }, { "name": "CSS: Important Keyword", "scope": "keyword.other.important", "settings": { "fontStyle": "bold" } }, { "name": "Markup: Changed", "scope": "markup.changed", "settings": { "background": "#FFFFDD", "foreground": "#000000" } }, { "name": "Markup: Deletion", "scope": "markup.deleted", "settings": { "background": "#FFDDDD", "foreground": "#000000" } }, { "name": "Markup: Emphasis", "scope": "markup.italic", "settings": { "fontStyle": "italic" } }, { "name": "Markup: Error", "scope": "markup.error", "settings": { "background": "#96000014", "foreground": "#660000" } }, { "name": "Markup: Insertion", "scope": "markup.inserted", "settings": { "background": "#DDFFDD", "foreground": "#000000" } }, { "name": "Markup: Link", "scope": "meta.link", "settings": { "foreground": "#4B83CD" } }, { "name": "Markup: Output", "scope": [ "markup.output", "markup.raw" ], "settings": { "foreground": "#777777" } }, { "name": "Markup: Prompt", "scope": "markup.prompt", "settings": { "foreground": "#777777" } }, { "name": "Markup: Heading", "scope": "markup.heading", "settings": { "foreground": "#AA3731" } }, { "name": "Markup: Strong", "scope": "markup.bold", "settings": { "fontStyle": "bold" } }, { "name": "Markup: Traceback", "scope": "markup.traceback", "settings": { "foreground": "#660000" } }, { "name": "Markup: Underline", "scope": "markup.underline", "settings": { "fontStyle": "underline" } }, { "name": "Markup Quote", "scope": "markup.quote", "settings": { "foreground": "#7A3E9D" } }, { "name": "Markup Lists", "scope": "markup.list", "settings": { "foreground": "#4B83CD" } }, { "name": "Markup Styling", "scope": [ "markup.bold", "markup.italic" ], "settings": { "foreground": "#448C27" } }, { "name": "Markup Inline", "scope": "markup.inline.raw", "settings": { "fontStyle": "", "foreground": "#AB6526" } }, { "name": "Extra: Diff Range", "scope": [ "meta.diff.range", "meta.diff.index", "meta.separator" ], "settings": { "background": "#DDDDFF", "foreground": "#434343" } }, { "name": "Extra: Diff From", "scope": "meta.diff.header.from-file", "settings": { "background": "#FFDDDD", "foreground": "#434343" } }, { "name": "Extra: Diff To", "scope": "meta.diff.header.to-file", "settings": { "background": "#DDFFDD", "foreground": "#434343" } } ] }


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