Linux下安裝vm tools

←手機掃碼閱讀     火星人 @ 2014-03-09 , reply:0

過程:

1.首先在虛擬機上安裝了vmware,安裝完成後,默認vm tools是沒有安裝的,啟動后在下方提示沒有安裝虛擬工具,安裝過程省略;

2.安裝redhat,這個安裝過程就省略,沒安過的可以也去G一下;

3.安裝vm tools:

1)以ROOT身份進入LINUX

2)按下 CTRL ALT組合鍵,進入主操作系統,點擊VMWARE狀態欄安裝提示,或者點擊 虛擬菜單下的安裝虛擬機工具子菜單.

3)確認安裝VMWARE TOOLS.

  這時我們並沒有真正的安裝上了VMWARE TOOLS軟體包,如果您點擊菜單:DEVICES,您就會發現光碟機的菜單文字變為:ide1:0-> C:Program FilesVMwareVMware WorkstationProgramslinux.iso,這表示VMWARE將LINUX的ISO映象文件作為了虛擬機的光碟

4)滑鼠點擊LINUX界面,進入LINUX.

5)運行如下命令,注意大小寫.

mount -t iso9660 /dev/cdrom /mnt

載入CDROM設備,這時如果進入 /mnt 目錄下,你將會 發現多了一個文件:vmware-linux-tools.tar.gz.這就是WMWARE TOOLS的LINUX軟體包,也就是我們剛才使用WINISO 打開LINUX.ISO文件所看到的.

  cp /mnt/vmware-linux-tools.tar.gz /tmp

  將該軟體包拷貝到LINUX的 TMP目錄下.

  umount /dev/cdrom

  卸載CDROM.

  cd /tmp

  進入TMP目錄

  tar zxf vmware-linux-tools.tar.gz

  解壓縮該軟體包,默認解壓到vmware-tools-distrib 目錄下(與文件名同名).

  cd vmware-linux-tools

  進入解壓后的目錄

這時要進入文本模式下運行下面的命令

  ./install.pl

這時install提示你是否需要備份以前的配置文件,建議選擇“y”.

  等待INSTALL運行完成後,這時鍵入 STARTX 命令,啟動LINUX圖形界面,vm中不再提示沒有安裝虛擬機工具了

在Ubuntu下安裝VMware-Tools不像在Windows下安裝容易,昨晚整了挺長時間終於安上了.方法在下面.

感謝提供方法的大俠!

VMware Tools位置:VMware的安裝路徑VMwareVMware Workstationlinux.iso

啟動后按Esc選擇recovery mode登陸.然後點擊"虛擬機"→"安裝VMware Tools".

[root@rd01 ~]# mount /cdrom

# 有時可能載入不了,這時就要先將系統關閉,再手動指定 ISO 映像:

[root@rd01 ~]# cd /cdrom

[root@rd01 ~]# ls -a

[root@rd01 ~]# cp VMwareTools-5.5.1-19175.tar.gz /tmp

[root@rd01 ~]# cd /tmp

[root@rd01 ~]# tar zxpf VMwareTools-5.5.1-19175.tar.gz

[root@rd01 ~]# cd vmware-tools-distrib

[root@rd01 vmware-tools-distrib]# ./vmware-install.pl

Creating a new installer database using the tar3 format.

Installing the content of the package.

# 安裝過程的畫面,全部使用默認值,一直按 Enter 就對了

In which directory do you want to install the binary files?

[/usr/bin]

What is the directory that contains the init directories (rc0.d/ to rc6.d/)?

[/etc/rc.d]

What is the directory that contains the init scripts?

[/etc/rc.d/init.d]

In which directory do you want to install the daemon files?

[/usr/sbin]

In which directory do you want to install the library files?

[/usr/lib/vmware-tools]

Thepath "/usr/lib/vmware-tools" does not exist currently. This programisgoingto create it, including needed parent directories. Is thiswhatyou want?

[yes]

In which directory do you want to install the documentation files?

[/usr/share/doc/vmware-tools]

Thepath "/usr/share/doc/vmware-tools" does not exist currently.Thisprogram isgoing to create it, including needed parent directories.Isthis what you want?

[yes]

The installation of VMware Tools 5.5.1 build-19175 for Linux completed

successfully. You can decide to remove this software from your system at any

time by invoking the following command: "/usr/bin/vmware-uninstall-tools.pl".

Before running VMware Tools for the first time, you need to configure it by

invoking the following command: "/usr/bin/vmware-config-tools.pl". Do you want

this program to invoke the command for you now? [yes]

Stopping VMware Tools services in the virtual machine:

Guest operating system daemon: [ 確定 ]

Trying to find a suitable vmhgfs module for your running kernel.

The module bld-2.6.9-5.EL-i686-RHEL4 loads perfectly in the running kernel.

pcnet32 30153 0

Unloading pcnet32 module

Trying to find a suitable vmxnet module for your running kernel.

The module bld-2.6.9-5.EL-i686-RHEL4 loads perfectly in the running kernel.

Detected X.org version 6.8.

關閉控制台滑鼠服務: [ 確定 ]

啟動控制台滑鼠服務: [ 確定 ]

Please choose one of the following display sizes (1 - 13):

# 顯示解析度,這裡是以 1024x768 為例

# VMware Tools 安裝的時候,會自動修改 X server 的配置文件

[1] "640x480"

[2]< "800x600"

[3] "1024x768"

[4] "1152x864"

[5] "1280x800"

[6] "1152x900"

[7] "1280x1024"

[8] "1376x1032"

[9] "1400x1050"

[10] "1680x1050"

[11] "1600x1200"

[12] "1920x1200"

[13] "2364x1773"

Please enter a number between 1 and 13:

[2] 3

X Window System Version 6.8.2

Release Date: 9 February 2005

X Protocol Version 11, Revision 0, Release 6.8.2

Build Operating System: Linux 2.6.9-34.EL i686 [ELF]

Current Operating System: Linux rd01.domain 2.6.9-34.EL #1 Wed Mar 8 00:07:35 CST 2006 i686

Build Date: 04 May 2006

Build Host: x8664-build.centos.org

Before reporting problems, check http://wiki.X.Org

to make sure that you have the latest version.

Module Loader present

OSKernel: Linux version 2.6.9-34.EL (buildcentos@build-i386) (gccversion3.4.5 20051201 (Red Hat 3.4.5-2)) #1 Wed Mar 8 00:07:35 CST 2006P

Markers: (--) probed, (**) from config file, (==) default setting,

( ) from command line, (!!) notice, (II) informational,

(WW) warning, (EE) error, (NI) not implemented, (??) unknown.

( ) Log file: "/tmp/vmware-config0/XF86ConfigLog.3131", Time: Mon Jun 12 20:57:34 2006

( ) Using config file: "/tmp/vmware-config0/XF86Config.3131"

(WW) VMWARE(0): Failed to set up write-combining range (0xf0000000,0x1000000)

X is running fine with the new config file.

Starting VMware Tools services in the virtual machine:

Switching to guest configuration: [ 確定 ]

Guest filesystem driver: [ 確定 ]

DMA setup: [ 確定 ]

Guest operating system daemon: [ 確定 ]

The configuration of VMware Tools 5.5.1 build-19175 for Linux for this running

kernel completed successfully.

You must restart your X session before any mouse or graphics changes take

effect.

You can now run VMware Tools by invoking the following command:

"/usr/bin/vmware-toolbox" during an XFree86 session.

To use the vmxnet driver, restart networking using the following commands:

/etc/init.d/network stop

rmmod pcnet32

rmmod vmxnet

depmod -a

modprobe vmxnet

/etc/init.d/network start

Enjoy,

--the VMware team

[root@rd01 vmware-tools-distrib]# shutdown -r now

# 修改完成之後,重新啟動計算機,讓 VMware Tools 生效.

==

重啟后,你可能會發現還是要按"Ctrl Alt"釋放滑鼠(VM6.0沒這問題了),我用的是5.5.3,要手動執行才有效果.

通過終端運行VMware-Tools:

點擊Ubuntu桌面左上角的Applications→附件→終端,會打開一個類似Windows中記事本的程序,在裡面輸入以下內容($是自帶的,不用專門輸入):

$ /usr/bin/vmware-toolbox

但如果你嫌麻煩,我們就需要讓vmware-toolbox實現開機自動運行.點擊 Ubuntu菜單:System→首選項→會話→Startup Programs,Add一個Name叫“vmware-toolbox”,Command是“/usr/bin/vmware-toolbox”的啟動 程序.這樣每次開機后就能自動運行VMware Tools了.重啟Ubuntu看看效果吧!(注意:vmware-toolbox並不是在後台隱藏運行的,啟動后不要關閉).

VMware Tools固然是個好東西,但也有副作用,比如說:虛擬機中的滑鼠的滾輪不好使了.我們這樣解決這個問題,還是打開終端,輸入:

$ sudo gedit /etc/X11/xorg.conf

這個命令使系統以root許可權打開滑鼠配置文件/etc/X11/xorg.conf.把文件中的

Option “Protocol” “ps/2”

改成

Option “Protocol” “IMPS/2”

重啟Ubuntu搞定

我按以上方法搞定.UBUNTU 版本:7.04 DESKTOP vm 5.5中文漢化版.尤其注意紅字部分,之前多次不成功,雖然安裝上,但是主客機之間,滑鼠還是不能滑出





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